Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.