Are They Advertising Addiction? I felt like the world was ending. All calls free and confidential. Learn more about how to be featured in a paid listing. Alprazolam, the generic name for Xanax, was the 13th most prescribed medication in the country in , according to a survey done by IMS Health. Benzos such as Xanax, Ativan, and Valium are meant for short-term relief.
This: Clonazepam withdrawal symptoms benzodiazepines addictions
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They are used medically to reduce anxiety, to help people sleep and to relax the body. They should only be prescribed for short periods of time as there is a risk of addiction. At normal or regular doses, benzodiazepines relieve anxiety and insomnia. Sometimes, people taking benzodiazepines may feel drowsy or dizzy. High doses of benzodiazepines can produce more serious side effects. Signs of chronic drug abuse can include changes in appearance and behaviour that affect relationships and work performance.
Warning signs in teenagers include abrupt changes in mood or sudden deterioration of school performance. Benzodiazepines are rarely the preferred or sole drug of abuse. High-dose benzodiazepine abuse is especially prevalent in patients who are also taking methadone. In such cases, the drug is usually added to alcohol-containing drinks or even soft drinks in powder or liquid forms and can be hard to taste. Long-term use of benzodiazepines increases the risk of dementia.
Benzodiazepines cause brain damage and also put one at risk for certain types of cancer. Premature death is also a possibility from taking benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepine addiction is more likely to occur in individuals with certain anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, and mood disorders. Oftentimes, individuals diagnosed with anxiety disorders or sleep disorders will find the effects of benzodiazepines helpful, and will pursue higher and higher doses in order to increase or simply maintain the effects.
This tends to lead to a physical dependence, and individuals may continue seeking high doses to ward off withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal effects from therapeutic dosages of benzodiazepines are mainly anxiety symptoms. In addition, autonomic instability i. The most serious acute withdrawal symptoms are seizures and delirium tremens, coma and even death. Benzodiazepine withdrawal duration and intensity depend on several factors, including:.
They are sedatives and tranquilizers prescribed to treat symptoms of insomnia, anxiety, panic, seizure disorders, and muscle tensions or spasms. Common benzodiazepines include Xanax alprazolam , Klonopin clonazepam , Restoril temazepam , Ativan lorazepam , and Valium diazepam. Alprazolam, the generic name for Xanax, was the 13th most prescribed medication in the country in , according to a survey done by IMS Health.
These medications are regularly taken recreationally, or abused for nonmedical purposes, in addition to being taken as legitimate prescriptions. Benzodiazepines are not intended to be taken long-term, as prolonged use or abuse can cause the brain to become both physically and psychologically dependent on them. Withdrawal symptoms, ranging from a return of uncomfortable psychological symptoms to physical manifestations such as nausea and diarrhea, may occur when the drugs are removed from the bloodstream.
Some short-acting benzodiazepines, like Xanax, are thought to be more potent than some of the longer-acting ones, such as Valium, as well. While withdrawal will be similar for both, users of short-acting benzos may experience withdrawal symptoms sooner and with more intensity, as benzos with longer half-lives will stay in the body longer, therefore slowing the onset of withdrawal.
Benzodiazepines are all designed as central nervous system depressants; however, they each may work slightly differently at targeting certain symptoms. For example, Restoril, Dalmane flurazepam , and Halcion triazolam are considered primarily hypnotic benzodiazepines prescribed for insomnia, while Xanax, Ativan, Librium chlordiazepoxide , and Valium are classified as anxiolytics used to treat anxiety symptoms. Klonopin is considered primarily an anticonvulsant.
Different metabolites of these medications make them slightly different, which may also affect how quickly they leave the bloodstream. Withdrawal from different benzodiazepines is generally thought to bring the same general symptoms; however, it is possible that an individual withdrawing from a hypnotic may have more disrupted sleep patterns while withdrawal from an anxiolytic may include higher levels of anxiety. The method of ingestion is also related to the onset of withdrawal.
For instance, snorting or injecting benzos sends the drugs straight into the bloodstream to take almost instant effect. Ingesting a pill requires that it be digested through the digestive tract, which can potentially extend the withdrawal period. This is called poly-drug abuse and can influence the withdrawal severity and timeline. The Treatment Episode Data Set TEDS report of published that 95 percent of those admitted to a drug treatment center for benzodiazepine abuse or dependency also abused another drug or alcohol simultaneously.
Abuse of other illicit substances may also increase the type and number of withdrawal symptoms that occur. Instead, medical detox is required for all benzodiazepine addictions. Medical detox generally involves tapering off the drugs with professional care and support. In addition to ensuring that patients remain safe throughout the detox process, medical personnel can also help to alleviate uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. In some cases, medical detox will involve substitute a longer-acting benzodiazepine for a shorter-acting one during the tapering process, to make withdrawal smoother and reduce withdrawal symptoms.
Other medications may be prescribed during medical detox to treat specific symptoms as well. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published that medications such as flumazenil may be effective during medical detox, for example. Research is ongoing to find new and improved treatment methods to ease benzodiazepine withdrawal. Benzodiazepine withdrawal may occur in three main phases: The early withdrawal phase usually starts within a few hours to a few days of stopping the medication and may last a few days.
During early withdrawal, an individual may experience a return of anxiety and insomnia symptoms as the brain rebounds without the drugs.