A person experiencing a panic attack may believe that he or she is having a heart attack or that death is imminent. Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. Even though both of these drugs are benzodiazepines they are prescribed slightly differently. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Xanax is absorbed, and therefore takes effect more quickly, making it ideal to treat acute panic attacks or anxiety that must be addressed at once.
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Students' quiz scores and video views will be trackable in your "Teacher" tab. This lesson will discuss 2 benzodiazepines: We will talk about why both medications are used, comparing and contrasting how they work, effectiveness, side effects, and safety. A Treatment for Anxiety Pounding heart, sweaty palms, racing heart. Anxiety is a common reason for taking benzodiazepines.
The Whys and Hows In general, benzodiazepines work by affecting the brain's neurotransmitters chemicals released to aid communication between nerves in the brain. There are differences in how Klonopin and Xanax work even though they are both benzodiazepines. Why Use Xanax or Klonopin? Xanax is prescribed for the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders.
Xanax works by enhancing chemicals that calm the brain, essentially re-balancing chemicals that can become unbalanced in moments of anxiety. Klonopin is used for panic disorders as well, but may also be effective in treating seizures, epilepsy, and insomnia. Klonopin works similarly to Xanax, but it does so in a slower, gentler way. Dose Differences In comparing the doses, 0.
Xanax tablets Klonopin tablets Effectiveness and how long they last The effects of Klonopin last longer than the effects of Xanax in the body, which means that Klonopin does not need to be taken as frequently. Xanax is referred to as an intermediate-acting agent. It takes effect in minutes, reaches peak concentrations within 1 to 2 hours, and its effects can last up to 4 to 6 hours. Klonopin is referred to as a long-acting agent.
Its effect may not be felt for 1 to 4 hours, although speed of absorption depends on the person. Its effect may last up to 12 hours. Xanax and Klonopin compared In general, and depending on the patient's specific needs, Xanax is more ideal for use on an as-needed basis, and Klonopin is better for long-standing anxiety. Side Effects Both Klonopin and Xanax are not without side effects. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Other potential side effects common to both medications include: Drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, blurry vision, coordination or balance problems, dry mouth, nausea or vomiting, seizures Side effects that are more common to one specific medication are: Xanax - depression or suicidal thoughts Klonopin - hallucinations, confusion, headaches Safety We have already talked about dependence, a risk with both Xanax and Klonopin, especially when they are taken frequently and at high doses.
Dependence involves tolerance - needing more of a medication to get the same result. Lesson Summary When comparing the two benzodiazepines , clonazepam Klonopin and alprazolam Xanax , we see that they both affect neurotransmitters in the brain, increasing levels of the calming chemical GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid. Register for a free trial Are you a student or a teacher? I am a student I am a teacher. Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.
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Your goal is required. Email Email is required. Email is not a valid email. Email already in use. Unlimited access to all video lessons Lesson Transcripts Tech support. See all other plans. See all other plans See the Teacher's Edition. I'm not interested in CLEP. I'm not interested in FTCE. I'm not interested in TExES. I'm not interested in Praxis. I'm not interested in NES. I'm not interested in GED. I'm not interested in GACE. Activity of Xanax is affected by race people of Asian descent achieve higher concentrations and activity of alprazolam is longer , concurrent liver or kidney disease, alcoholism and obesity.
Less is known about differences in absorption and activity between individuals administered Klonopin. Benzodiazepine equivalency tables state that 0. Few trials have directly compared Klonopin with Xanax. One reported no significant difference between the two drugs in terms of side effects sedation, dizziness on standing or effectiveness when both were used for the treatment of panic disorder.
Both Klonopin and Xanax have the potential to cause both physical and psychological dependence. Susceptibility to dependence varies depending on dose taken, regularity of consumption, and genetic factors. It is not clear whether risk of dependence is higher with some benzodiazepines compared with others. Some people can form dependencies to benzodiazepines after as few as 14 days of regular use.
Benzodiazepines should not be stopped suddenly; dosages need to be slowly tapered off over several weeks to months to avoid withdrawal reactions. All addiction-prone individuals should be under careful surveillance if they need to be prescribed benzodiazepines. Reviews suggest discontinuation from Xanax is particularly difficult and is associated with more serious rebound and withdrawal symptoms. The blood levels of drugs with longer half-lives tend to remain relatively more constant in the body, and tend to cause much less severe withdrawal symptoms than dramatic fluctuations seen with benzodiazepines with a shorter half-life such as Xanax.
Withdrawal symptoms may include agitation, convulsions, hallucinations, tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps. More severe withdrawal symptoms are likely in people who have taken larger dosages over an extended period of time. Although Klonopin is indicated for the treatment of panic disorder, and for certain types of seizures, few trials have evaluated its use long-term. Experts advise doctors monitor the usefulness of Klonopin periodically, and consider gradual discontinuation if the drug appears ineffective.
Both Klonopin and Xanax, like all benzodiazepines, enhance the actions of a neurotransmitter in the brain called GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid. Benzodiazepines are also known for their amnesic effect — or ability to disrupt short-term memory — and this makes them useful before surgery. Because of structural differences, some benzodiazepines are more likely than others to make you sleepy, relieve anxiety, stop seizures, relax muscles, or make you forget.
Klonopin is also useful to treat anxiety-related symptoms, and is FDA approved for the treatment of panic disorder. It is also less likely than some other benzodiazepines to induce sleep. Its anti-seizure effects are stronger than Xanax, so may be used to treat certain types of seizures, such as variants of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, akinetic or myoclonic seizures. Still looking for answers? Try searching for what you seek or ask your own question. Sign In or Register. You must sign in to view your friends.
The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published.CAN YOU TAKE BENZOS EVERY DAY? (For Depression & Anxiety)