Other medications may be prescribed during medical detox to treat specific symptoms as well. Xanax Ativan lorazepam vs. If you take them daily for several weeks or longer, you may also develop a tolerance to them. The two drugs can also cause individuals to experience similar side effects, such as:. It can also cause sleeplessness and agitation.
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Activity of Xanax is affected by race people of Asian descent achieve higher concentrations and activity of alprazolam is longer , concurrent liver or kidney disease, alcoholism and obesity. Less is known about differences in absorption and activity between individuals administered Klonopin. Benzodiazepine equivalency tables state that 0. Few trials have directly compared Klonopin with Xanax.
One reported no significant difference between the two drugs in terms of side effects sedation, dizziness on standing or effectiveness when both were used for the treatment of panic disorder. Both Klonopin and Xanax have the potential to cause both physical and psychological dependence. Susceptibility to dependence varies depending on dose taken, regularity of consumption, and genetic factors. It is not clear whether risk of dependence is higher with some benzodiazepines compared with others.
Some people can form dependencies to benzodiazepines after as few as 14 days of regular use. Benzodiazepines should not be stopped suddenly; dosages need to be slowly tapered off over several weeks to months to avoid withdrawal reactions. All addiction-prone individuals should be under careful surveillance if they need to be prescribed benzodiazepines. Reviews suggest discontinuation from Xanax is particularly difficult and is associated with more serious rebound and withdrawal symptoms.
The blood levels of drugs with longer half-lives tend to remain relatively more constant in the body, and tend to cause much less severe withdrawal symptoms than dramatic fluctuations seen with benzodiazepines with a shorter half-life such as Xanax. Withdrawal symptoms may include agitation, convulsions, hallucinations, tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps. More severe withdrawal symptoms are likely in people who have taken larger dosages over an extended period of time.
Although Klonopin is indicated for the treatment of panic disorder, and for certain types of seizures, few trials have evaluated its use long-term. Experts advise doctors monitor the usefulness of Klonopin periodically, and consider gradual discontinuation if the drug appears ineffective. Both Klonopin and Xanax, like all benzodiazepines, enhance the actions of a neurotransmitter in the brain called GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid.
Benzodiazepines are also known for their amnesic effect — or ability to disrupt short-term memory — and this makes them useful before surgery. Because of structural differences, some benzodiazepines are more likely than others to make you sleepy, relieve anxiety, stop seizures, relax muscles, or make you forget. Klonopin is also useful to treat anxiety-related symptoms, and is FDA approved for the treatment of panic disorder. It is also less likely than some other benzodiazepines to induce sleep.
Its anti-seizure effects are stronger than Xanax, so may be used to treat certain types of seizures, such as variants of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, akinetic or myoclonic seizures. Still looking for answers? Try searching for what you seek or ask your own question. Sign In or Register. You must sign in to view your friends. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records.
Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to receive email notifications whenever new articles are published. Abuse of other illicit substances may also increase the type and number of withdrawal symptoms that occur. Instead, medical detox is required for all benzodiazepine addictions. Medical detox generally involves tapering off the drugs with professional care and support.
In addition to ensuring that patients remain safe throughout the detox process, medical personnel can also help to alleviate uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. In some cases, medical detox will involve substitute a longer-acting benzodiazepine for a shorter-acting one during the tapering process, to make withdrawal smoother and reduce withdrawal symptoms. Other medications may be prescribed during medical detox to treat specific symptoms as well. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published that medications such as flumazenil may be effective during medical detox, for example.
Research is ongoing to find new and improved treatment methods to ease benzodiazepine withdrawal. Benzodiazepine withdrawal may occur in three main phases: The early withdrawal phase usually starts within a few hours to a few days of stopping the medication and may last a few days. During early withdrawal, an individual may experience a return of anxiety and insomnia symptoms as the brain rebounds without the drugs.
Symptoms the benzos worked to suppress may come flooding back. The tapering process frequently used in medical detox may help dampen this rebound effect. After a few days of stopping a benzodiazepine, acute withdrawal may begin. This phase constitutes the bulk of withdrawal. It is during this phase that specific medications may be most beneficial at targeting some of the certain symptoms. Suicidal thoughts and actions may occur during acute withdrawal from a benzodiazepine as well, and therapy and support groups may help diffuse these complicated emotions.
Acute withdrawal may last between two weeks and several months. Some people, around 10 percent according to a study published by ABC News , may experience protracted withdrawal syndrome that can extend several months or even years after stopping use of a benzodiazepine. We will never share your information with a third party without your explicit consent. What is the Withdrawal Time for Benzos? Each benzodiazepine medication has a specific half-life that influences the length of time it takes for the drug to leave the bloodstream.
If an individual is dependent on a benzo, once the drug is purged from the body, withdrawal may begin. For shorter-acting benzos like Xanax, withdrawal may start within hours of stopping the drug. With a longer-acting benzodiazepine such as Valium, it may take a few days for symptoms to appear. Withdrawal side effects are not generally lethal, although they are best managed with professional medical attention and supervision. Individuals taking benzos for several months or more and in high doses are likely to experience more withdrawal symptoms that last longer than those taking smaller doses for a shorter length of time.
For example, the U. Individuals may experience tingling in their arms and legs, muscle twitches, prolonged anxiety and insomnia, and cognitive deficits as well as depression and mood swings that may be difficult to manage. These symptoms may appear randomly and without warning.