For the most part Americans abuse benzodiazepines with a rapid onset but people might also mix them with other substances like alcohol, opioids or anything else. Even though combining prescription drugs may seem like an intensified euphoria, what it actually does is slow down reaction time to dangerous levels. There were an estimated , emergency department visits attributed to benzodiazepines in , a statistically significant increase from , visits in Clonazepam is the generic version of Klonopin which belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines depress the central nervous system and make you feel relaxed. Clonazepam a sedative that works on an imbalance in chemicals in the brain by treating sleep disorders, panic disorders and epileptic seizures. Clonazepam also serves a medical purpose for treating serious mental conditions but the sedating factor is what makes it desirable. Even when you use a benzodiazepine as a prescription, it can be challenging to stop using it.
You may have been feeding your dependence for years before coming to the realization that you need to stop. This is actually normal and there are millions of others who needed to see their drug use as a problem before they could attempt a solution. When you start using clonazepam, whether you intend to or not, you build up a tolerance. This is what happens when you need to take more to get the same results as when you began using a drug.
You may be unintentionally fueling a craving by taking more of the drug and developing a dependence on it. Some of the other ways that benzodiazepines can be abused are:. Once you become physically dependent upon clonazepam, the side-effects can be similar to the original symptoms that caused you to use the medication in the first place. This is known as drug rebounding and it can include bouts of anxiety, depression, insomnia and seizures from stopping benzodiazepines.
The saddest part is that as people continue to abuse prescription drugs, they may start losing the support of their family, friends, teachers and loved ones. Sometimes in our culture, those who suffer from addiction are more likely to be treated as a failure rather than someone who needs help with a disease. Generally those who become addicted to the benzodiazepines will have serious complaints about anxiety and their need for medication.
You may be asking yourself, when exactly does someone become dependent on benzodiazepines? According to the U. National Library of Medicine , any patient who takes a benzodiazepine for longer than three to four weeks is more likely to have withdrawal symptoms if the drug is ceased abruptly. The risk of inducing dependence can be reduced by issuing prescriptions limited to one to two weeks supply.
These medications are both included in the same general class of drugs, but they also have their differences in the specific reasons they are used, in how they work, in their side effects, and their safety. When Tom goes to see his doctor, they have a discussion about these two medications to decide which would be better for him. In general, benzodiazepines work by affecting the brain's neurotransmitters chemicals released to aid communication between nerves in the brain.
GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid is a neurotransmitter that calms down nerve activity, and it is thought that over-active nerves may be a contributing factor in anxiety. In comparing the doses, 0. However, it may be worth noting that some people metabolize Xanax in a unique way. People of Asian descent and people with liver or kidney disease or even old age have a harder time breaking down and using Xanax in the body.
Also, some medical conditions can affect how quickly Klonopin is eliminated from the body. For those reasons, the two drugs are not exactly equivalent. The effects of Klonopin last longer than the effects of Xanax in the body, which means that Klonopin does not need to be taken as frequently. Xanax must be taken regularly in order to maintain its effect and keep its levels constant in the blood. Xanax is absorbed, and therefore takes effect more quickly, making it ideal to treat acute panic attacks or anxiety that must be addressed at once.
In general, and depending on the patient's specific needs, Xanax is more ideal for use on an as-needed basis, and Klonopin is better for long-standing anxiety. Both Klonopin and Xanax are not without side effects. It is important to note that not all side effects are certain to occur, and not every person experiences side effects. Dependence may accompany addiction, but dependence in and of itself does not equal addiction.
Xanax has been noted to contribute to more severe withdrawal reactions when stopped abruptly. We have already talked about dependence, a risk with both Xanax and Klonopin, especially when they are taken frequently and at high doses. Some people form a dependence to benzodiazepines after as few as 14 days of regular use. It is also important for patients to be informed that, when taking these medications, they should avoid taking other similar drugs at the same time, whether recreational or prescribed.
Other medications that have a sedating effect should be avoided, or carefully considered and managed by a physician if they must be taken. Combined effects of several sedating medications can contribute to the side effects discussed above. When comparing the two benzodiazepines , clonazepam Klonopin and alprazolam Xanax , we see that they both affect neurotransmitters in the brain, increasing levels of the calming chemical GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid. Xanax, an intermediate-acting agent, acts more quickly but lasts for a shorter time.
Klonopin, a long-acting agent, takes longer to have an effect, but lasts longer in the body. Both drugs can contribute to dependence , a state in which the body develops a tolerance and may go into withdrawal if the drug is abruptly stopped. When choosing between the two, it depends on the patient's specific needs and needs to be a joint decision between doctor and patient. The information on this site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2, colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page.
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The videos on Study. Students in online learning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction. Explore over 4, video courses. Find a degree that fits your goals. Kaitlin Baker Kaitlin has taught nursing students and has a master's degree in nursing leaderhsip, as well as a bachelor's degree in English literature.
Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? About Create Edit Share. Custom Courses are courses that you create from Study. Use them just like other courses to track progress, access quizzes and exams, and share content. Organize and share selected lessons with your class. Make planning easier by creating your own custom course.
Add important lessons to your Custom Course, track your progress, and achieve your study goals faster. Creating a Custom Course. Create a new course from any lesson page or your dashboard. Click "Add to" located below the video player and follow the prompts to name your course and save your lesson. Click on the "Custom Courses" tab, then click "Create course". Next, go to any lesson page and begin adding lessons.
Editing a Custom Course. Edit your Custom Course directly from your dashboard. Name your Custom Course and add an optional description or learning objective. Create chapters to group lesson within your course. Remove and reorder chapters and lessons at any time. Sharing a Custom Course. Share your Custom Course or assign lessons and chapters. Share or assign lessons and chapters by clicking the "Teacher" tab on the lesson or chapter page you want to assign.
Students' quiz scores and video views will be trackable in your "Teacher" tab. This lesson will discuss 2 benzodiazepines: We will talk about why both medications are used, comparing and contrasting how they work, effectiveness, side effects, and safety. A Treatment for Anxiety Pounding heart, sweaty palms, racing heart. Anxiety is a common reason for taking benzodiazepines. The Whys and Hows In general, benzodiazepines work by affecting the brain's neurotransmitters chemicals released to aid communication between nerves in the brain.
There are differences in how Klonopin and Xanax work even though they are both benzodiazepines. Why Use Xanax or Klonopin? Xanax is prescribed for the treatment of panic and anxiety disorders. Xanax works by enhancing chemicals that calm the brain, essentially re-balancing chemicals that can become unbalanced in moments of anxiety. Klonopin is used for panic disorders as well, but may also be effective in treating seizures, epilepsy, and insomnia.